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Each time it receives this message, it will reinstall the same encryption key, and thereby reset the incremental transmit packet number (nonce) and receive replay counter used by the encryption protocol.
We show that an attacker can force these nonce resets by collecting and replaying retransmissions of message 3 of the 4-way handshake.
Concretely, attackers can use this novel attack technique to read information that was previously assumed to be safely encrypted.
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By forcing nonce reuse in this manner, the encryption protocol can be attacked, e.g., packets can be replayed, decrypted, and/or forged.
The same technique can also be used to attack the group key, Peer Key, TDLS, and fast BSS transition handshake.
This implies all these networks are affected by (some variant of) our attack.
For instance, the attack works against personal and enterprise Wi-Fi networks, against the older WPA and the latest WPA2 standard, and even against networks that only use AES.
Our detailed research paper can already be downloaded.
As a proof-of-concept we executed a key reinstallation attack against an Android smartphone.For example, HTTPS was previously bypassed in non-browser software, in Apple's i OS and OS X, in Android apps, in Android apps again, in banking apps, and even in VPN apps.Our main attack is against the 4-way handshake of the WPA2 protocol.The attack works against all modern protected Wi-Fi networks.Depending on the network configuration, it is also possible to inject and manipulate data.It will install this key after receiving message 3 of the 4-way handshake.Tags: Adult Dating, affair dating, sex dating