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More than 38,000 civilians lost their lives during the conflict. The stone lions that have decorated the Chain Bridge since 1852 survived the devastation of the war.

About 3,000 Hungarian Jews found refuge at the Glass House and in a neighboring building.

Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg managed to save the lives of tens of thousands of Jews in Budapest by giving them Swedish protection papers and taking them under his consular protection.

Between 18 the proportion of Hungarians increased from 35.6% to 85.9%, Hungarian became the dominant language, and German was crowded out. In 1918, Austria-Hungary lost the war and collapsed; Hungary declared itself an independent republic (Republic of Hungary).

In 1920 the Treaty of Trianon partitioned the country, and as a result, Hungary lost over two-thirds of its territory, and about two-thirds of its inhabitants, including 3.3 million out of 15 million ethnic Hungarians.).

From top, left to right: Hungarian Parliament, Fisherman's Bastion, Liberty Statue on Gellért Hill, Heroes' Square in City Park, National Theatre, St.

Stephen's Basilica and the City centre with Széchenyi Chain Bridge by night With an estimated 2016 population of 1,759,407 distributed over a land area of about 525 square kilometres (203 square miles), Budapest is also one of the most densely populated major cities in the EU.

1867 was the year of Reconciliation that brought about the birth of Austria-Hungary.

This made Budapest the twin capital of a dual monarchy.

The Magyar tribes led by Árpád, forced out of their original homeland north of Bulgaria by Tsar Simeon after the Battle of Southern Buh, settled in the territory at the end of the 9th century displacing the founding Bulgarian settlers of the towns of Buda and Pest, The cultural role of Buda was particularly significant during the reign of King Matthias Corvinus.

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