Dating hedgerows

In Cornwall fields dating from that time are often enclosed by earthen banks surmounting large boulders.

These banks are then topped with smaller stones and more earth.

Most of the drystone walls we see today are products of the post-medieval move toward enclosure.

In the lower slopes of the Highland Zone the walls are rough and irregular in shape, enclosing small farms dating to the late medieval period and the 16th century.

Budby Soouth Forest is a regular site and others have been found recently at Bevercotes Pit Wood and Eakring.

It is quite an easy species to identify, with the rufous markings on the first and second abdominal segments (coupled with the pattern of black markings) usually being diagnostic.

This page shows most of the social wasps Wasps nest in a variety of sites.

Most choose sites which offer some degree of protection from the elements and predators.

Workers have a length of nearly 3.5cm, which means it is by far the largest species of wasp found in the UK.

It is also quite uncommon, but has increased it's range during recent years following a succession of mild Winters.

Many monastic houses, particularly those in remote locations favoured by the Cistercians, favoured walls of dry stone, and many of these medieval walls can still be seen (notably at Fountains Abbey in Yorkshire).

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