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Australian aborigines are genetically the most distant from the Africans.Humans migrated into Europe about 40 000 years ago (Burenhult, 1994).

Modern genetic studies, published as "The History and Geography of Human Genes" (Luca Cavalli-Sforza, Paolo Menozzi and Alberto Piazza), divides humanity into four major ethnic regions, African (Khoisan), Caucasoids (Basque), Mongoloids (American Indian) and Australians (Aborigine) (Time, No. With fossil evidence these recent findings confirm the African origin of humanity.

Africans have the greatest genetic distance from the rest of humanity, showing that on the human family tree, the split from the Africans occurred before the other branches.

Further, the fossil record now meshes with the molecular evidence.

Significantly, these anatomically modern humans pre-date most neanderthals, and so could not have descended from them.

The stone tools were transitional between the Acheulean period, characterized by a predominance of hand axes, and the later flake-dominated Middle Stone Age.

lived on the shore of a shallow lake created by the dammed Awash River.Another Homo sapiens skull from Dali, China, is dated at 200,000 years old. In South Africa, two sites, the Klasies River Mouth and Border Cave have yielded H.sapiens sapiens fossils dating from around 60,000 to 80,000 years ago.Others put fossils from Klasies River Mouth Cave, with modern appearance, at between 115,000 and 80,000 years old (Burenhult, 1994).Along the Langebaan Lagoon are human footprints dated at 117,000 years old (Gore & Garrett, 1997).A current hypothesis is that diverging hominid (see hominid books) stock migrated from Africa at two different periods.

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